Osteoarthritis

Has your orthopedic surgeon told you that you have osteo-arthritis of the knee? Have you been advised a knee replacement? Read about this condition here. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition of the knee joint in which the cartilage lining has broken down. Primary Osetoarthritis is caused by aging and obesity. Cartilage is the tissue which…

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Knee AVN

Knee AVN treatment India

Have you been diagnosed with Avascular necrosis of the Knee? The knee is affected less frequently than the hip . You might want to know your treatment options. The treatment depends on whether it is primary or secondary Avascular necrosis. Secondary Avascular necrosis is often caused by steroid drugs. This young patient had Avascular necrosis…

Uni – compartmental arthritis

Partial osteoarthritis This form of disease involves one compartment before the other. Either the medial, lateral or patellofemoral compartment is involved before the other. Causative factors Bow legs, tibial and femoral intra articular fractures lead to medial compartment arthritis. Knock knees lead to lateral compartment arthritis. Diagnosis Pain is one sided. A squat test will…

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Subluxations

Subluxation means that a bone partially slides out of the joint. Subluxation in the knee joint usually happens at the patello-femoral joint. The patella sits in a groove at the lower end of the femur called the trochlea. It is held in the centre by the presence of ligamentous attachments. Causes Women are more susceptible…

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Sport injuries in women

High incidence of anterior cruciate injuries in women athletes Compared with males, females in certain sports are more likely to injure their knees. The most common injury of the knee in females is an injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Ligaments are structures which stabilize joints. They are cord like bands of connective tissue…

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Rheumatoid arthritis

What is Rheumatoid Arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic form of arthritis that involves joints, tendons, and blood vessels. It ultimately leads to joint destruction. The cause of this disease is an immune mechanism, in which the body does not recognize some of its own tissues and considers them foreign.  Both knees are commonly involved.…

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Plica syndrome

Embryology Plica are remnants of the partition of the embryological knee. Normally, there are thickenings within the synovial layer of the knee. Symptoms Intra-articular plicae are a cause of clicking symptoms when bending the knee Diagnosis They cause pain and swelling in the front of the knee. They can be felt as a band of…

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Patellar tendonitis

Do you suffer from patellar tendonitis? What is it? Read on…. Anatomical background The patellar tendon is the terminal tendon of the quadriceps muscle. It stretches from the patella to its insertion on the Tibial tubercle. Patellar tendinosis is the right word. It is a degenerative change in the tendon. This painful condition is seen…

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